Today, Iran is developing a major transition from a traditional resource-based economy towards a knowledge-based economy. Iranian scientists and specialists have been and are making great efforts in universities, laboratories, research centers, and science & technology parks to achieve the current fast rate of scientific development. The government of Iran is highly committed to pave the way for leveraging the power of technology and innovation for improving its people’s quality of life.

In this way, new or modified structures and plans are being developed. To name a sample initiative, in 2013 the “Law of Supporting Knowledge-Based Firms and Commercialization” was enforced to witness an accelerated rate of establishment and development of new- technology-based-firms (NTBFs) in the country. So far, near 4400 firms have been recognized as NTBFs, with total revenue of near 8.5 billion dollar. Other complementary institutions required for well-playing of these NTBFs in the national and international economy, are currently under design and implementation in Vice-presidency for Science and Technology and other authorized bodies.

As a firm step, in 2007, Vice-presidency for Science and Technology was established mandated to reinforce national innovation system and university-industry linkage. The role of the Vice-presidency became even more significant in country’s innovation system with its apparent traces in almost all major decisions and policies regarding technology and innovation enhancement.

The Vice Presidency for Science and Technology is mandated to create added value and increase the real GDP of the country through technological measures and Knowledge-based economy.

International relations have been systematically developed by the deputy for International Affairs and Technology Exchange. This Deputy has been recently promoted to a more specialized center called “Center for International Science & Technology Cooperation”.